Oil Water Treatment Technology



When oil companies drill a well, approximately 130,000 gallons of water are required. This quantity is dwarfed when during well stimulation, water usage increases to 2.5 million gallons. During production, water injection or flooding increases the well pressure and enhances oil recovery from 30% of the oil in place to as much as 50%. The water used during these operations is required to be of a certain quality, however the importance of proper water treatment is often underestimated. This is due to the tremendous variation in the water sources used i.e. seawater, borehole and river water. Poor water quality, may lead to clogging of the reservoir and loss of oil production particularly during well stimulation and water injection.

For every barrel of crude produced 7-10 barrels of water are produced, reusing it is vital for reducing the quantity of water used during the reservoirs lifetime. Produced water contains some oil and its treatment to an environmentally acceptable level is mandatory before disposal. Good oil and water separation is therefore necessary and the physics as well as the mechanics of proper oil and water separation need to be well understood not only for water reuse but also to meet these strict environmental discharge regulations. The methods most commonly employed for oil water separations, include gravity settling and gas flotation. Flotation depends on the surface characteristics of the oil and on its interaction with the gas bubbles. The method used depends on many factors including the type and physical and chemical characteristics of the crude oil ultimately however the governing principle of these separations is dictated by Stokes law.



Oilfield water Chemistry

Water Chemistry Fundamentals
Environmental Regulations and Water Specifications
Water Sampling and Analysis
Water Scaling, Corrosion Control and Microbiology of Water
Produced Water Generation and Production and Management Practices
Environmental Impacts Caused by Produced Water
Treatment and Disposal of Produced Water
De-oiling / Soluble organics removal
Desalination / Disinfection

Oilfield Production Liquid Separation principles

The Nature, Chemistry and Composition of Hydrocarbons
Test Methods for Oil and Grease
Emulsions / Stabilization, Destabilization,
Principles of Flotation
Key Design Parameters of Flotation
Henrys & Stokes Laws
Nucleus & Rate of Rise Theory
Air-To-Solids Ratio

Separation and Treatment (I)

Mechanical filters & Filtration Technologies
Gravity Separation Systems
Separators – 2 and 3 Phase
Skim Tanks
API Separators
Plate Coalescers
Skim Piles
Evaporative processes

Separation and Treatment (II)

Ion exchange
Membrane processes
Gas flotation systems
Dissolved Air
Induced Gas
Dispersed Gas

Crude Oil Desalting

Desalting Technologies
Desalting Equipment
Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD)
Wastewater recycle / reuse
Case Study
Course Review


Venue Training:

Jogjakarta, Jakarta, Bandung, Surabaya, Bali, Lombok


Form Request Training
  1. Isi Data Berikut ( Tidak Mengikat )
  2. (required)
  3. (valid email required)
  4. (required)
  5. (required)
  6. (required)
  7. (required)
  8. (required)
  9. (required)

Leave a Reply